shipment info

Port to Port Distance (nautical miles)

Port

Calcutta

Visakhapatnam

Chennai

Cochin

Mumbai

Adelaide

4970

4750

4650

4670

5220

Aden

3304

2914

2650

1850

1657

Algiers

6250

5803

5575

4639

4570

Antwerp

8000

7605

7365

6540

6318

Aqaba

4544

4154

3769

3090

2899

Auckland

6655

6614

6509

6540

Bahrain

3337

2947

2683

1828

1352

Baltimore

10113

9780

9465

8604

8447

Bangkok

2475

2412

2430

2725

3269

Basrah

3572

3182

2754

2064

1587

Beirut

5010

4568

4335

3355

3330

Boston

9683

9350

9035

8174

8035

Brisbane

5520

5443

5450

5635

6198

Casablance

6775

6390

6146

5326

4394

Chittagong

367

578

885

1578

2160

Colombo

1244

866

590

307

889

Constantza

5700

5288

5080

4124

4050

Cristobal (via Panama)

12210

12142

12157

12454

13013

Dakar

8130

7707

7482

6450

6482

Djibouti

3310

2920

2656

1856

1665

Dubai

3134

2692

2359

1483

898

Dulutch (via Panama)

16735

16667

16682

16979

17538

Duluth

11059

8784

10411

9550

9411

Dunedin

6500

6270

6165

16195

6750

Fremantle

3695

3508

3390

3440

4000

Galveston

11373

11040

10725

9864

9725

Gdansk

8600

8209

7945

7145

6955

George Town

9924

9661

9346

8485

8346

Hamburg

8300

7864

7600

6800

6620

Helsinki

8600

8500

8245

7435

7245

Hong Kong

3100

3024

3039

3336

3900

Istanbul

5505

5128

4890

4291

3885

Jakarta

2160

2078

2008

2120

2740

Jeddah

3998

3608

3344

2544

2353

Keelung (Taiwant)

3443

3375

3390

3678

4246

Khorramshabr

3674

3284

3030

2147

1562

Kuwait

3522

3132

2800

2013

1537

Lagos

8090

7747

7436

6917

7186

Lodon

7955

7553

7290

6489

6296

Los Angeles

9505

9437

9452

9826

10308

Manila

2950

2900

2910

3210

3770

Mauritius

3205

2830

2555

2143

2535

Mombasa

3699

3305

3040

2354

2400

Montreal (via Panama)

15400

15332

15347

15644

16203

Montreal

9889

7614

9241

8380

8241

Muttrah

2819

2429

2101

1301

853

Nampo

4260

4192

4207

4504

5063

New Orleans

11189

10803

10541

9680

9541

New York

9844

9511

9196

9335

8196

(via Panama)

15400

15332

15347

15644

16203

Novorossisk

5960

5549

5325

4385

4170

Odessa

5859

5448

5224

4284

4230

Penang

1301

1246

1277

1562

2144

Philadelphia

9987

9954

9339

9478

8339

Port of Spain

10046

9729

9398

8537

8398

Rijeka

5995

5320

5320

4394

4315

Rostock

8349

7960

7695

6895

6702

Rotterdam

8000

7600

7360

6530

6337

Sataga

4406

4016

3752

2952

2761

Singapore

1650

1573

1586

1853

2435

Takoradi

8112

7769

7458

5937

7210

Tripoli

5750

5283

5075

4119

4070

Tunis

5940

5444

5265

4280

4262

Vancouver BC

9505

9437

9452

9826

10308

Yokohama

4530

4464

4480

4776

5335

Truck Freight Rate Between Metros and Major Cities
Note: (Rupees per tonne for sixteen tonnes)

Kolkata

Chennai

New Delhi

Mumbai

Kolkata

XX

2,813

2,266

3,650

Chennai

2,400

XX

3,600

2,500

New Delhi

1,950

3,375

XX

2,300

Mumbai

2,650

2,125

2,050

XX

Ahmedabad

2,300

2,219

1,300

1,150

Bangalore

2,660

875

3,400

1,850

Bhopal

1,800

2,188

1,300

1,450

Bhubaneswar

1,000

2,313

3,133

3,350

Chandigarh

2,200

3,781

700

2,600

Coimbatore

3,200

1,188

4,250

2,500

Cuttack

1,000

2,313

3,200

3,350

Guwahati

1,500

5,500

3,333

5,900

Hyderabad

1,700

1,188

2,466

1,250

Jaipur

1,850

3,125

500

1,800

Jalandhar

2,300

4,000

800

2,700

Jamshedpur

800

2,938

2,266

3,650

Kanpur

1,250

3,600

1,066

2,600

Kochi

3,500

1,688

4,875

2,700

Lucknow

1,300

3,467

1,100

2,600

Madurai

3,200

1,125

4,500

2,750

Nagpur

1,200

1,625

1,533

1,350

Patna

1,000

3,688

1,733

3,600

Pune

2,550

1,875

2,500

700

Siliguri

1,200

3,750

2,533

4,700

Visakhapatnam

1,250

1,500

3,133

2,100

Vijayawada

1,450

813

2,800

1,750

Shipping Documentation

When sugar is shipped, there are many documents which accompany it. Some of these documents are required in order for the seller to be paid, others are required in order that the shipment can be imported into a foreign country, and still others provide assurances that the sugar meets the requirements set out in the contract, has been properly handled, and is being shipped aboard a seaworthy vessel. This is a list of the most commonly provided types of shipping documentation, along with explanations of their function.

Signed Commercial Invoice

A commercial invoice is made out from the seller to the buyer. It details the specifications of the product being shipped and the total cost of the shipment. This invoice is normally required in order for the seller to receive payment under the terms of a letter of credit, and functions as a tax invoice for the buyer.

Clean on Board Bill of Lading

A bill of lading is a document which is issued by a carrier or transporter. The document confirms the specifications of the shipment received, the port where it was loaded, and the destination port. It also outlines the terms of carriage. Bills of lading can be negotiable or non negotiable. A negotiable bill of lading enables the holder of the bill of lading to change the destination port of the shipment. A non negotiable bill of lading means that the shipment will be delivered to a specified port, and this port cannot be changed.

Packing List

A packing list is simply a document which outlines the quantity and type of product shipped. This document is normally very detailed. In order for the seller to obtain payment it is important that the packing list is identical to the terms of the contract and those set out in the letter of credit.

SGS Certificate of Weight Grade, Quality, and Condition

SGS is an international independent inspection company which will inspect the sugar shipment before it leaves the port and verify that the sugar is of the correct weight, grade, quality, and condition as stated in the bill of lading, packing list, and contract. If all is in order, they will issue an SGS certificate which states that the sugar met certain standards when it was shipped.

Certificate of Origin

A certificate of origin states where the sugar is from. This is essential when importing sugar from one country to another. The certificate of origin is often issued by the exporter, although it can sometimes be issued by a government agency.

Phytosanitary Certificate

A phytosanitary certificate states that the shipment meets the phytosanitary requirements which are in place in the country it is being exported to. Phytosanitary certificates are always required for plants and plant products, as these can represent a potential hazard to the ecosystem of the country to which they are being exported.

Loading / Stowage Supervision Certificate

A loading /stowage supervision certificate is offered by SGS, and covers the following elements of loading:

• A thorough check of the the overall appearance of the cargo and any packaging.
• Verification that all sugar is being loaded by checking the number and size of containers against the contract.
• Ensuring that proper handling procedures are followed during loading.
• Ensuring that the transport medium is clean and sanitary.
• Ensuring that the shipment is adequately stowed and secured, and that it is protected from the elements.

The loading/stowage certificate provides the buyer with peace of mind that not only was the sugar in good condition when it left the mill or warehouse, but that it was handled properly prior to shipping. It is also important from the seller’s perspective that a loading/stowage certificate be obtained as it is additional proof in case of mishap in transit that all due care was taken to ensure successful delivery to the buyer.

Certificate of Radiation

A certificate of radiation states that the shipment is within internationally acceptable radiation levels.

Crop Certificate

A crop certificate states the crop from which the sugar was produced. This allows the sugar to be traced right back to the exact point of its origin where it was grown.

Shipping Company Statement

A shipping company statement relates to the ship aboard which the sugar will travel. It normally states that the ship is of a certain age, and that it is well maintained. This document is designed to provide assurance that the vessel is sea worthy.